Brigadier-General Johnson Bamidele Olawumi hails from Iyin Ekiti, Ekiti State of Nigeria.He attended the Army Children School, Mokola, Ibadan for his primary education and thereafter proceeded to CAC Grammer School, Akure in Ondo State for his secondary education.He enlisted into the Nigerian Army as a cadet of the 36 Regular Course on 24 September 1984 and was commissioned into the Nigerian Army Electrical and Mechanical Engineers' Corps on 23 September 1989. Since commission, the senior officer has attended the following courses:
His academics qualifications include:
The senior officer has served in various capacities across the country. His postings and appoitments are as follows:
Brigadier General Olawumi has enjoyed promotions as at when due since his commision. He was promoted:
His decorations and awards are :FSS, MSS, psc(+), psc (joint) and fdc. (fellow Defence College).Brigadier General Olawumi is happily married with children. He is widely travelled and some of the countries he has visited are: UK, USA, Germany, China, Singapore, Brazil, France, Italy, Kenya, Sudan, Ethiopia, Benin Republic and Botswana. His hobbies include reading and watching football. He is a strong supporter of Rangers International FC, Enugu.
Last Updated on Tuesday, 28 January 2014 13:28
"Youths constitute a dominant force for national mobilization and growth and as such have a crucial role to play in the all important task of nation-building"
-General Yakubu Gowon's message to the first batch of corps members, July 2, 1973.
The supreme challenge which confronts multi-ethnic and multi-religious nations is not one of social and economic development. Countries like the Former Soviet Union, the embattled Yugoslavia, Indonesia, Malaysia, India and Nigeria are called upon to build one nation out of many nationalities, to foster a sense of common identity and destiny amongst their disparate and distinct peoples.
It is a problem which needs to be admitted, if it is ever to be successfully confronted and combated. It is a problem that has defeated countries like the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, and even broke India into three sovereign nations. It is the most important problem yet confronting our own country.
The sad experiences of Yugoslavia have shown quite clearly that the challenge of building unity out of diverse entities can not be solved by the easy resort to force. This merely sweeps the irritating causes under the carpet of surface harmony, until they flare up again, often with disastrous and bloody consequences. Nigeria, we must remember, fought a war to keep the country one. The successful conclusion of the war only highlighted the daunting challenge yet unaddressed – the challenge of turning Nigeria's over 250 ethic groups and nationalities into one united nation. In 1914, we had learned that amalgamation could be decreed into existence, in 1960, we learned that sovereignty does not necessarily confer nationhood on a diverse people; and after the war, we were forced to learn that unity must be consciously and deliberately fostered.
History teaches us that there are basically two mutually reinforcing ways of addressing the problem of inter-ethnic diversity. One is to pursue set of policies which is designed to prevent the dominance of one group, usually at the expense of other groups. These policies, such as regional autonomy, federal character, the quota system – or affirmative action as practiced in the United States – seek to promote the relatively even development of all groups, making it mandatory for private companies and government establishments to lend a helping hand to the historically disadvantaged.
The second approach to the challenge is to engage in deliberate social engineering, designing programmes and pursuing policies which are meant to promote national unity, de-emphasize points of discord amongst the constituent groups and foster greater inter –ethnic understanding and harmony. These programmes may entail other compulsory elements and voluntary incentive systems, either to discourage certain types of conduct deemed inappropriate, or to promote healthy behavior and interaction across ethnic divides. Universities which encourage the admission of minority students are eligible for federal grants; corporations which employ disadvantaged workers are allowed to bid for federal contracts; grants are extended to marriages across ethnic lines; people who choose to work in places other than their homes are given housing and educational favours; etc. The National Youth service corps is a programme of deliberate social engineering or, more accurately, it is a key component of what ought to be a more comprehensive package of programmes, polices, incentive structures and slogans designed to weld Nigeria's disparate peoples into a cohesive Nation.
Nigeria is made up of over 250 ethnic groups, each with its own distinct history, political culture and belief system. Many of these nationalities had a well developed system of government prior to colonization, and all of them reacted to westernization/modernization in different ways. Indeed, colonialism, rather than bringing the people together, served to further accentuate and exploit their differences. The policy of divide and rule was consciously adopted, polarizing the people and breeding mutual suspicion in order to more effectively control them. At independence, then, Nigeria were no nearer true nationhood than they had been at amalgamation. And the complex demands of federalism, combined with the politics of revenue allocation, progressively pulled the nation-state apart. The 1967-1970 civil war appeared to be the logical and inevitable conclusion to the process set in motion as far back as in 1914.
The end of the war brought with it new hopes of reconciliation amidst the old fears over unity. The country would remain one, but would its peoples become truly united? It was in the euphoria of reconciliation that the dream of the National Youth Service Corps was born. The programme was specifically targeted at "youths", broadly defined as graduates of our tertiary institutions of learning. The scheme was not set up merely to foster national unity, otherwise neither the enabling decree or the organizational structure would have been so elaborate. The decree in fact lists eight clear objectives, the first to the fifth of which deal, respectively, with inculcating discipline, raising the moral tone, mobilizing the people, encouraging self reliance and enhancing national economic development. Only the final three listed objectives speak of promoting national unity, removing prejudice and developing a common destiny.
Clearly, a major though often ignored objective is for the scheme to raise a leadership class which the country can be genuinely proud of, a class amongst the educated youth which is patriotic, morally and physically disciplined and truly nationalistic. The members of this class, having gone through the triple liberating experiences of higher education, national service and exposure to other cultures, would then act as change agents, social catalysts to take the country to the Promised Land of Unity.
It is now 29 years since these lofty ideals were encapsulated in decree 24 of 1973, and handed down to a organization to implement and pursue. Millions of Nigerians have passed through the scheme and perhaps it is time to ask exactly how well the programme has fared. In seeking to answer this question, we must avoid two common pitfalls: the NYSC should not be evaluated only as it impacts on national unity – as we have see, this was only one of its major objectives. And secondly, even I the field of national unity, the NYSC was never supposed to act alone. We must therefore also ask how other programmes have complemented the work of the NYSC.
"If Nigeria is to make rapid progress on all fronts internally, ad if she is to make her mark on the continent of Africa, and indeed, in the comity of nations, her youths must be fully mobilized and be prepared to offer willingly and without asking for rewards in return, their best in the service of their nation at all times"
-General Yakubu Gowon's during the formal inauguration of NYSC Directorate, June 4, 1973.
Nigeria was created by her colonial authorities purely out of the dictates of imperial convenience. The amalgamation of 1914 was motivated solely by the desire to maximize economic returns by reducing the administrative costs of ruling a large colony. For the duration of British colonial rule, no effort was ever made to forge the diverse peoples of the vast country into a united nation, held together by a shared vision and a common destiny.
Indeed, each colonial administrator had deliberately exacerbated the incipient schisms within the society, choosing to adopt the time-worn practice of divide-and-rule. While the nationalist struggle had somewhat healed the more open wounds of colonial policy, Nigeria, at independence in 1960 was yet a state with many distinct and mutually suspicious nationalities. With party politics reduced essentially to a competition between rival groups, these nationalities grew increasingly hostile, making democracy both unworkable and unstable. A rapid succession of events soon plunged the new nation into crises: - the declaration of a state of emergency in the western region in 1962;
- the treason trials of 1963;
- the controversial general elections of 1964/65;
- and the 1965 general strike.
With the nation fottering dangerously on the brink of ungovernability, Nigeria witnessed its first coup d'état in January 1966, bringing a messy and bloody end to the First Republic, but the inconclusive coup only made matters worse, for, by design or by default, it appeared to have favored one of the contending ethnic groups at the expense of the others. A bloody counter-coup, this time with undisguised ethnic and regional motivations, was carried out six months later.
The sectarian massacre which took place and the civil disturbances which erupted in their wake only paved the way for the attempted secession of Eastern Nigeria and the 30-month civil war which, with hind-sight, had perhaps become inevitable.
Historians will for long debate the immediate and remote causes of that tragic civil war. It is however generally acknowledged that independence had not automatically brought genuine nationhood, and that no concerted effort was made y the first post-colonial government to break down the walls of suspicion and hostility, and to build bridges of trust and accommodation between our ethic groups. While students and other groups had clamoured as far back as 1965, for a youth scheme modeled on Kwame Nkurumah"s Young Pioneers of Ghana, nothing concrete was done. Sadly, it was only in the actual heat of war that it was realized that keeping Nigeria one required both physical and psychological measures.
At the beginning of the war several Nigerian youth groups asked for a national youth scheme that would begin with providing relief to war-damaged people and evolve into a more or less permanent agency for national mass mobilization. In 1969, with the end of the war clearly in sight, the committee of Vice Chancellors called for a one year national service scheme for Nigeria undergraduates. The proposed service would be for students who had completed the first year of a three-year course, and it was designed to "inculcate the spirit of service and patriotism " and to promote national unity. The media soon picked up the clamour and several noted columnists and commentators joined the call for a scheme of national service targeted at our youths.
At the end of the civil war, General Yakubu Gowon, the head of the victorious federal government had announced a "no victor, no vanquished" policy. In order to give substance to this old pronouncement, the Gowon administration embarked on a National programme of rehabilitation, reconstruction and reconciliation. With the bitter lessons of the First Republic still fresh and the pains of the war yet resounding in the background, it was immediately realized that the proposed national youth service programme would be needed to quickly address the roots of the problem of national unity.
The government however chose to proceed cautiously. It first declared May 27th of every year the National Youth Day. In his 1972, National Day broadcast, General Yakubu Gowon spoke of his government's intention to establish two youth service schemes, one voluntary and the other compulsory. The schemes, he said would be designed "to bring together our qualified young men and women and to inculcate in them a sense of discipline, dedication, national pride and consciousness through nationally directed disciplined training, not necessarily in the Armed Forces, but in serving the nation in any capacity for a short period in their life before settling down to their chosen careers". And at the Eighth convocation ceremony of the Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, two months later, General Gowon invited Nigerian Students to "Come Forward" with their own ideas on how the proposed scheme could be made to work.
Finally after months of exhaustive deliberations and consultations, the National Youth Service Corps Decree 24 of 1973 was promulgated on May 22, 1973, and the National Directorate was inaugurated on June 4 1973. Professor Adebayo Adedeji was appointed its first Chairman (National) and Colonel (Dr) Ahmadu Ali its first Director (National). The decree stated that the NYSC is being established "With a view to the Proper encouragement and development of common ties among the youths of Nigeria and the promotion of national unity".
The objectives of the service corps were spelt out in some detail in section 1 (3) of the decree. While the scheme has itself undergone several changes and amendments, its objectives have remained constant
(a) To inculcate discipline in Nigerian youths by instilling in them a tradition of industry at work, and of patriotic and loyal service to Nigeria in any situation they may find themselves.
(b) To raise the moral tone of the Nigerian youths by giving them the opportunity to learn about higher ideals of national achievement, social and cultural improvement;
(c) To develop in the Nigerian youths the attitudes of mind, acquired through shared experience and suitable training, which will make them more amenable to mobilization in the national interest;
(d) To enable Nigerian youths acquire the spirit of self reliance by encouraging them to develop skills for self employment,
(e) To contribute to the accelerated growth of the national economy;
(f) To develop common ties among the Nigerian youths and promote national unity and integration;
(g) To remove prejudices, eliminate ignorance and confirm at first hand the many similarities among Nigerians of all ethnic groups; and
(h) To develop a sense of corporate existence and common destiny of the people of Nigeria.
(ii) In order to achieve the objectives in subsection (3) of this section, the service corps shall ensure:
(a) The equitable distribution of members of the service corps and the effective utilization of their skills in area of national needs;
(b) That as far as possible, youths are assigned to jobs in States other than their States of origin;
(c) That such group of youths assigned to work together is as representative of Nigeria as far as possible;
(d) That the Nigerian youths are exposed to the modes of living of the people in different parts of Nigeria;
(e) That the Nigerian youths are encouraged to eschew religious intolerance by accommodating religious differences;
(f) That members of the service corps are encouraged to seek at the end of their one year national service, career employment all over Nigeria, thus promoting the free movement of labour;
(g) That employers are induced partly through their experience with members of the service corps to employ more readily and on a permanent basis, qualified Nigerians, irrespective of their States of origin.
ELIGIBILITY FOR NATIONAL SCHEME
(i)Participation in the National Youth Service Corps is compulsory for the following categories of Nigeria graduate,
(ii) If,at the end of the academic year 1972-73 or,as the case may be,at end of any subsequent academics year,he shall have graduate at any University in Nigeria or
(iii) If, at the end of the academic year 1974-76 or,as the case may be,at the end of any subsequent year,he shall have obtain the Higher National Diploma,or such other profession qualification as may be prescribed;or
(iv) If, at the end of the academic year 1975-76 or,as the case may be,at the end of subsequent year up to the end of the 1983-84 academic year,he shall have obtained the National Certificate of Education,be under an obligation,unless exempted under subsection(2) of this section or section 17 of this Decree,to make himself available for service for a continuous period of one year from the specified in the call-up instruments serve upon him.
(b) Not withstanding the provisions of sub-section (1) of this section,with effect from 1st August,1985,a person shall not be call up to serve in the service corps if,at the date of his graduation or obtaining his diploma or other professional qualification:-
(i) he is over the age of 30,or
(ii) he has served in Armed Forces of the Federation or the Nigeria Police Force for a period of more than nine months or
(iii) he is member of staff of any of the following,that is
1. the Nigerian Security Organization,or
2. the State Security Service,or
3. the National Intelligence Agency,or
4. the Defence intelligence service,or
5. he has been conferred with any National Honour
(C) A person liable to be called up to serve in the service corps shall serve for a continuous period of one year as from the date specified in the call-up instrument served upon him or,as the case may be,if a general or special notice to that effect its given in the prescribed manner;and when so called up,such person shall make himself available for service and shall present himself at such place and time and to such person or authority as may be specified in the instrument or notice
(d) As from 1st July,1985 only,it became mandatory for all Nigerian graduates from institutions of Higher learning both at home and abroad to participates in the National Youth Service Corps Scheme irrespective of the age at graduation.Exemption on age grounds was first abolish/withdrawn in July and reinstated in July,1985
Last Updated on Thursday, 09 May 2013 11:06
Eminent Nigerians, ladies and gentlemen from all over the globe, it gives me great joy to interact with you through this medium.
Information Technology Communication (ICT) and effective service delivery are inextricably interwoven as we all know. Therefore, the need for establishing linkages with NYSC Stakeholders on this platform will help in bridging gaps in information sharing which has over the years been a major challenge.
This site will amongst others showcase the activities of the Scheme, expand its values to critical stakeholders as well as keep NYSC public abreast with the rudiments of NYSC programmes especially in Lagos State. Likewise, it will enhance interactions with critical stakeholders as their contributions on this platform will help in the actualization of the Scheme’s objectives.
On behalf of the Director-General, Brigadier-General Johnson Bamidele Olawumi, FSS MSS psc [+] fdc, Management and Staff of NYSC Lagos State, I welcome our illustrious Stakeholders to the NYSC Lagos State Website.
Last Updated on Thursday, 05 March 2015 15:11